A majority of the publications listed here are based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers DEB-8114302(1982), DEB-8811884(1988), DEB-9411972(1994), DEB-0080382(2000), DEB-0620652(2006), DEB-1234162(2013), DEB-1831944(2019).

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

For reprints or technical issues, please correspond with the author of the paper. Many links can also be found at


Adair, Carol; Reich, Peter; Trost, Jared; Hobbie, Sarah; Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing carbon inputs rather than by enhancing soil moisture. 2011. Global Change Biology 17:3546 2011

Adair, E. C.; Reich, P. B.; Hobbie, S. E.; Knops, J. M. H.; Interactive effects of time, CO2, N and diversity on total belowground carbon allocation and ecosystem carbon storage in a grassland community. Ecosystems 12:1037 2009

Ainsworth, Elizabeth A.; Long,Stephen P. What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2. New Phytologist, 2005, 165, 2, 351 - 372, Blackwell Science Ltd 2005

Ali, Ashehad A.; Medlyn, Belinda E.; Crous, Kristine Y.; Reich, Peter B.; A trait-based ecosystem model suggests that long-term responsiveness to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration is greater in slow-growing than fast-growing plants. Functional Ecology 2013, 27, 1011?1022; doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12102 2013

Ali, Ashehad A.; Medlyn, Belinda E.; Aubier, Thomas G.; Crous, Kristine Y.; Reich, Peter B. Elevated carbon dioxide is predicted to promote coexistence among competing species in a trait-based model. Ecology and Evolution 2015; 5(20): 4717 ? 4733 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1733 2015

Andresen, L. C.; Muller, C.; de Dato, G.; Dukes, J. S.; Emmett, B. A.; Estiarte, M.; Jentsch, A.; Kroel-Dulay, G.; Luscher, A.; Niu, S.; Penuelas, J.; Reich, P. B.; Reinsch, S.; Ogaya, R.; Schmidt, I. K.; Schneider, M. K.; Sternberg, M.; Tietema, A.; Zhu, K.; Bilton, M. C. "Shifting Impacts of Climate Change." In Advances in Ecological Research, vol 55, Large-Scale Ecology: Model Systems to Global Perspectives, ed. Rebecca; Dumbrell Kordas, Alex; Woodward, Guy, 437-73: Elsevier Ltd 2016

Antonika, A.; Wolf, J.; Bowker, M.; Classen, A. T.; Johnson, N. C.; Linking above- and belowground responses to global change at community and ecosystem scales. Global Change Biology 15:914-929, 2009

Antoninka, Anita; Reich, Peter B.; Johnson, Nancy Collins; Seven years of carbon dioxide enrichment, nitrogen fertilization and plant diversity influence arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a grassland ecosystem. New Phytologist 192:200. 2011

Baert Jan, M., Eisenhauer, N., Janssen Colin, R., & De Laender, F. (2018). Biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning respond unimodally to environmental stress. Ecology Letters. doi:10.1111/ele.13088 2018

Bassirirad, H.; Constable, J. V. H.; Lussenhop, J.; Kimball, B. A.; Norby, R. J.; Oechel, W. C.; Reich, P. B.; Schlesinger, W. H.; Zitzer, S.; Sehtiya, H. L.; Salim, S.; Widespread foliage 15N depletion under elevated CO2: inferences for the nitrogen cycle. Global Change Biology 9:1-9. 2003

Brzostek, Edward R.; Blair, John M.; Dukes, Jeffrey S.; Frey, Serita D.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Mitchell, Robert J.; Pendall, Elise; Reich, Peter B.; Shaver, Gaius R.; Stefanski, Artur; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Finzi, Adrien C.; The effect of experimental warming and precipitation change on proteolytic enzyme activity: positive feedbacks to nitrogen availability are not universal; Global Change Biol.; 2012; 18, 8, 2617-2625 2012

Cardinale, B. J., Wright, J. P., Cadotte, M. W., Carroll, I. T., Hector, A., Srivastava, D. S., Loreau, M. and Weis, J. J. (2007). "Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(46): 18123-18128. 2007

Cardinale, Bradley J.; Gross, Kevin; Fritschie, Keith; Flombaum, Pedro; Fox, Jeremy W.; Rixen, Christian; van Ruijven, Jasper; Reich, Peter B.; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Wilsey, Brian J.; Biodiversity simultaneously enhances the production and stability of community biomass, but the effects are independent. Ecology 94:1697?1707. 2013

Cardinale, Bradley J.; Venail, Patrick; Gross, Kevin; Oakley, Todd H.; Narwani, Anita; Allan, Eric; Flombaum, Pedro; Joshi, Jasmin; Reich, Peter B.; Tilman, David; van Ruijven, Jasper; Further re-analyses looking for effects of phylogenetic diversity on community biomass and stability. Functional Ecology 2015 29, 12, 1607-1610 DOI 10.1111/1365-2435.12540 2015

Carey, J. C., Tang, J., Templer, P. H., Kroeger, K. D., Crowther, T. W., Burton, A. J., Dukes, J. S., Emmett, B., Frey, S. D., Heskel, M. A., Jiang, L., Machmuller, M. B., Mohan, J. , Panetta, A. M. , Reich, P. B. , Reinsch, S. , Wang, X. , Allison, S. D. , Bamminger, C., Bridgham, S., Collins, S. L., de Dato, G., Eddy, W. C., Enquist, B. J., Estiarte, M. , Harte, J. , Henderson, A. , Johnson, B. R. , Larsen, K. S. , Luo, Y. , Marhan, S., Melillo, J. M., Penuelas, J., Pfeifer-Meister, L., Poll, C., Rastetter, E., Reinmann, A. B., Reynolds, L. L., Schmidt, I. K., Shaver, G. R., Strong, A. L., Suseela, V. and Tietema, A. (2016) "Temperature response of soil respiration largely unaltered with experimental warming." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(48): 13797-13802. 2016

Cesarz, Simone; Reich, Peter B.; Scheu, Stefan; Ruess, Liliane; Schaefer, Matthias; Eisenhauer, Nico. Nematode functional guilds, not trophic groups, reflect shifts in soil food webs and processes in response to interacting global change factors. Pedobiologia, 2015, 58, 1, 23 - 32 2015

Chalk, Phillip M.; Lam, Shu K.; Chen, Deli. 15N methodologies for quantifying the response of N2-fixing associations to elevated [CO2]: A review. Sci.Total Environ., 2016 in press doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.07.030 2016

Chen, C., H. Y. H. Chen, X. Chen, and Z. Huang. 2019. Meta-analysis shows positive effects of plant diversity on microbial biomass and respiration. Nature Communications 10:1332. DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-09258-y 2019

Cheng L., Zhang L., Wang Y.-P., Yu Q., and Eamus D. (2014), Quantifying the effects of elevated CO2 on water budgets by combining FACE data with an ecohydrological model, Ecohydrol., 7; pages 1574?1588, doi: 10.1002/eco.1478 2014

Chung, H. L.; Reich, P. B.; Ellsworth, D.; "Plant species richness, elevated CO2, and atmospheric N deposition alter soil microbial community composition and function. Global Change Biology 13:980-989" 2007

Clark,C. M., Flynn, D. F. B., Butterfield, B. J.; Reich, P. B.; (2012); Testing the Link between Functional Diversity and Ecosystem Functioning in a Minnesota Grassland Experiment.; PLoS ONE 7(12): e52821.; doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052821 2012

Cornwell, William K.; Westoby, Mark; Falster, Daniel S.; FitzJohn, Richard G.; O'Meara, Brian C.; Pennell, Matthew W.; McGlinn, Daniel J.; Eastman, Jonathan M.; Moles, Angela T.; Reich, Peter B.; Tank, David C.; Wright, Ian J.; Aarssen, Lonnie; Beaulieu, Jeremy M.; Kooyman, Robert M.; Leishman, Michelle R.; Miller, Eliot T.; Niinemets, ?lo; Oleksyn, Jacek; Ordonez, Alejandro; Royer, Dana L.; Smith, Stephen A.; Stevens, Peter F.; Warman, Laura; Wilf, Peter; Zanne, Amy E.; Austin, Amy; Functional distinctiveness of major plant lineages; Journal of Ecology, 2014, 102, 2, 345-356 2014

Craine, J. M.; Reich, P. B.; Elevated CO2 and nitrogen supply alter leaf longevity of grassland species. New Phytologist 150:397-403. 2001

Craine, J. M.; Reich, P. B.; Tilman, D.; Ellsworth, D.; Fargione, J.; Knops, J.; Naeem, S.; The role of plant species in biomass production and response to elevated CO2 and N. Ecology Letters 6:623-630. 2003

Craine, J. M.; Wedin, D. A.; Determinants of growing season soil CO2 flux in a Minnesota grassland. Biogeochemistry 59:303-313. 2002

Craine, J. M.; Wedin, D. A.; Reich, P. B.; "The response of soil CO2 flux to changes in atmospheric CO2, nitrogen supply and plant diversity. Global Change Biology 7:947-953." 2001

Craine, J. M.; Wedin, D. A.; Reich, P. B.; Grassland species effects on soil CO2 flux track the effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen. New Phytologist 150:425-434. 2001

Craven, D., N. Eisenhauer, W. D. Pearse, Y. Hautier, F. Isbell, C. Roscher, M. Bahn, C. Beierkuhnlein, G. Bonisch, N. Buchmann, C. Byun, J. A. Catford, B. E. L. Cerabolini, J. H. C. Cornelissen, J. M. Craine, E. De Luca, A. Ebeling, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, J. Hines, A. Jentsch, J. Kattge, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, N. Lemoine, S. T. Meyer, V. Minden, V. Onipchenko, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, B. Schamp, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, D. Tilman, A. Weigelt, B. Wilsey and P. Manning (2018). "Multiple facets of biodiversity drive the diversity?stability relationship." Nature Ecology & Evolution 2(10): 1579-1587.

Craven, D.; Isbell, F.; Manning, P.; Connolly, J.; Bruelheide, H.; Ebeling, A.; Roscher, C.; van Ruijven, J.; Weigelt, A.; Wilsey, B.; Beierkuhnlein, C.; de Luca, E.; Griffin, J.N.; Hautier, Y.; Hector, A.; Jentsch, A.; Kreyling, J.; Lanta, V.; Loreau, M.; Meyer, S.T.; Mori, A.S.; Naeem, S.; Palmborg, C.; Polley, H.W.; Reich, P.B.; Schmid, B.; Siebenkas, A.; Seabloom, E.; Thakur, M.P.; Tilman, D.; Vogel, A.; Eisenhauer, N. Plant diversity effects on grassland productivity are robust to both nutrient enrichment and drought. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 2016 371 20150277; DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0277. Published 25 April 2016 2016

Crous, K; Reich, Peter; Hunter, M; Ellsworth, D; Maintenance of leaf N controls the photosynthetic CO2 response of grassland species exposed to 9 years of free-air CO2 enrichment. 2010. Global Change Biology 16:2076 2010

Crous, Kristine Yvette (2008) Nitrogen Availability Alters Species Photosynthetic Responses to Elevated Atmospheric CO2. Thesis, PhD University of Michigan 2008

Crowther, T. W. , Todd-Brown, K. E. O. , Rowe, C. W. , Wieder, W. R. , Carey, J. C. , Machmuller, M. B. , Snoek, B. L. , Fang, S. , Zhou, G. , Allison, S. D. , Blair, J. M. , Bridgham, S. D. , Burton, A. J. , Carrillo, Y. , Reich, P. B. , Clark, J. S. , Classen, A. T. , Dijkstra, F. A. , Elberling, B. , Emmett, B. A. , Estiarte, M. , Frey, S. D. , Guo, J. , Harte, J. , Jiang, L. , Johnson, B. R. , Kroel-Dulay, G. , Larsen, K. S. , Laudon, H. , Lavallee, J. M. , Luo, Y. , Lupascu, M. , Ma, L. N. , Marhan, S. , Michelsen, A. , Mohan, J. , Niu, S. , Pendall, E. , Penuelas, J. , Pfeifer-Meister, L. , Poll, C. , Reinsch, S. , Reynolds, L. L. , Schmidt, I. K. , Sistla, S. , Sokol, N. W. , Templer, P. H. , Treseder, K. K. , Welker, J. M. and Bradford, M. A. (2016). "Quantifying global soil carbon losses in response to warming." Nature 540(7631): 104-108. 2016

Davis, M.; Reich, P. B.; Knoll, J.; Dooley, L.; Hundtoft, M.; Attleson, I.; Elevated atmospheric C02: a nurse plant substitute for oak seedlingsestablishing in old fields. Global Change Biology 13:2308-2316. 2007

De Kauwe, Martin G.;Yan-Shih, Lin; Wright, Ian J.; Medlyn, Belinda E.; Crous, Kristine Y.; Ellsworth, David S.; Maire, Vincent; Prentice, I.Colin; Atkin, Owen K.; Rogers, Alistair; Niinemets, U.; Serbin, Shawn P.; Meir, Patrick; Uddling, Johan; Togashi, Henrique F.; Tarvainen, Lasse; Weerasinghe, Lasantha K.; Evans, Bradley J.; Ishida, F.Yoko; Domingues, Tomas F. A test of the `one-point method` for estimating maximum carboxylation capacity from field-measured, light-saturated photosynthesis. New Phytologist 210(3): 1130-1144. 2015

Deng, Y., He, Z., Xiong, J., Yu, H., Xu, M., Hobbie, S. E., Reich, P. B., Schadt, C. W., Kent, A., Pendall, E., Wallenstein, M. and Zhou, J. (2016). Elevated carbon dioxide accelerates the spatial turnover of soil microbial communities. Global Change Biology 22(2): 957-964. 2016

Deng, Y.; He, Z.; Xu, M.; Qin, Y.; Van Nostrand, J. D.; Wu, L.; Roe, B. A.; Wiley, G.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; Zhou, J.; Elevated carbon dioxide alters the structure of soil microbial communities.; Appl Environ Microbiol. 78(8):2991-2995. 2012

Dijkstra, F. A.; Hobbie, S. E.; Knops, J. M. H.; Reich, P. B.; Nitrogen deposition and plant species interact to influence soil carbon stabilization. Ecology Letters 7:1192-1198. 2004

Dijkstra, F. A.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; Knops, J. M. H.; "Divergent effects of elevated CO2, N fertilization, and plant diversity on soil C and N dynamics in a grassland field experiment. Plant and Soil 272:41-52." 2005

Dijkstra, F. A.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; Soil processes affected by sixteen grassland species grown under different environmental conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:770-777. 2006

Dijkstra, F. A.; West, J. B.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; Trost, J.; Plant diversity, CO2, and N influence inorganic and organic n leaching in grasslands. ECOLOGY 88:490-500. 2007

Du, C., X. Wang, M. Zhang, J. Jing, and Y. Gao. 2019. Effects of elevated CO2 on plant C-N-P stoichiometry in terrestrial ecosystems: A meta-analysis. Science of The Total Environment 650:697-708. DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.051 2019

Eisenhauer, N., Dobies, T.; Cesarz, S.; Hobbie, S. E.; Meyer, R. J.; Worm, K.; Reich. P. B.; 2013; Plant diversity effects on soil food webs are stronger than those of elevated CO2 and N deposition in a long-term grassland experiment.; PNAS 110:6889-6894 2013

Eisenhauer, N., J. Hines, F. Isbell, F. van der Plas, S. E. Hobbie, C. E. Kazanski, A. Lehmann, M. Liu, A. Lochner, M. C. Rillig, A. Vogel, K. Worm and P. B. Reich (2018). "Plant diversity maintains multiple soil functions in future environments." eLife 7: e41228. DOI 10.7554/eLife.41228 2018

Eisenhauer, Nico; Cesarz, Simone; Koller, Robert; Worm, Kally; Reich, Peter B.; Global change belowground: impacts of elevated CO2, nitrogen, and summer drought on soil food webs and biodiversity. Global Change Biology. 18:435?447, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02555.x 2012

Ellsworth, D. S.; Reich, P. B.; Naumburg, E. S.; Koch, G. W.; Kubiske, M.; Smith, S.; "Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO2 across four free-air CO2 enrichment experiments in forest, grassland and desert. Global Change Biology 10:2121-2138." 2004

Feng, Zhaozhong; R?tting, Tobias; Pleijel, H?kan; Wallin, G?ran; Reich, Peter B.; Kammann, Claudia I.; Newton, Paul C.D.; Kobayashi, Kazuhiko; Luo, Yunjian; Uddling, Johan; Constraints to Nitrogen Acquisition of Terrestrial Plants under Elevated CO2; Global Change Biol., 2015, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12938 2015

Flinker, Raquel Henriques. Modeling of soil moisture dynamics of grasslands in response to CO2 and biodiversity manipulations at BioCON. M.S. Thesis The University of Texas at Austin. 2014. 2014

Flores, Olivier; Garnier, Eric; Wright, Ian J.; Reich, Peter B.; Pierce, Simon; D?az, Sandra; Pakeman, Robin J.; Rusch, Graciela M.; Bernard-Verdier, Maud; Testi, Baptiste; Bakker, Jan P.; Bekker, Ren?e M.; Cerabolini, Bruno E.L.; Ceriani, Roberta M.; Cornu, Guillaume; Cruz, Pablo; Delcamp, Matthieu; Dolezal, Jiri; Eriksson, Ove; Fayolle, Adeline; Freitas, Helena; Golodets, Carly; Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Hodgson, John G.; Brusa, Guido; Kleyer, Michael; Kunzmann, Dieter; Lavorel, Sandra; Papanastasis, Vasilios P.; P?rez-Harguindeguy, Natalia; Vendramini, Fernanda; Weiher, Evan; An evolutionary perspective on leaf economics: phylogenetics of leaf mass per area in vascular plants; Ecology and Evolution, 2014, 4, 14, 2799 - 2811 2014

Ghimire, B., Riley, W. J., Koven, C. D., Kattge, J., Rogers, A., Reich, P. B. and Wright, I. J. (2017), A global trait-based approach to estimate leaf nitrogen functional allocation from observations. Ecol Appl. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/eap.1542 2017

Gross, Kevin; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Fox, Jeremy W.; Gonzalez, Andrew; Loreau, Michel; Polley, H. Wayne; Reich, Peter B.; Ruijven, Jasper van; Species Richness and the Temporal Stability of Biomass Production: A New Analysis of Recent Biodiversity Experiments.; Am.Nat., 2014, 183, 1, 1-12, The University of Chicago Press for The American Society of Naturalists 2014

Guerrero-Ramirez, N. R., Craven, D., Reich, P. B., Ewel, J. J., Isbell, F., Koricheva, J., Parrotta, J. A., Auge, H., Erickson, H. E., Forrester, D. I., Hector, A., Joshi, J., Montagnini, F., Palmborg, C., Piotto, D., Potvin, C., Roscher, C., van Ruijven, J., Tilman, D., Wilsey, B. and Eisenhauer, N. (2017). "Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems." Nature Ecology & Evolution. Brief Communication DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0325-1 2017

Guerrero-Ramirez, N. R., P. B. Reich, C. Wagg, M. Ciobanu and N. Eisenhauer (2018). "Diversity-dependent plant-soil feedbacks underlie long-term plant diversity effects on primary productivity." preprint in: bioRxiv. 2018

Guerrero-Ramirez, N. R., P. B. Reich, C. Wagg, M. Ciobanu, and N. Eisenhauer. 2019. Diversity-dependent plant?soil feedbacks underlie long-term plant diversity effects on primary productivity. Ecosphere 10:e02704. DOI 10.1002/ecs2.2704 2019

Hautier, Y.; Tilman, D.; Isbell, F.; Seabloom, E. W.; Borer, E. T.; Reich, P. B.; Anthropogenic environmental changes affect ecosystem stability via biodiversity. Science, 2015, 348, 6232, 336-340 DOI:10.1126/science.aaa1788 2015

He, Z., Van Nostrand, J. D., & Zhou, J. (2013). GeoChip-Based Metagenomic Technologies for Analyzing Microbial Community Functional Structure and Activities. In K. E. Nelson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Metagenomics (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Springer New York. 2013

He, Z; Xu, M; Deng, Y; Kang, S; Kellogg, L; Wu, L; J, Van Nostrand; Hobbie, Sarah; Reich, Peter; Zhou, J; Metagenomic analysis reveals a marked divergence in the structure of belowground microbial communities at elevated CO2. 2010. Ecology letters 13:564 2010

Hillerislambers, J.; Harpole, W. S.; Schnitzer, S.; Tilman, D.; Reich, P. B.; CO2, nitrogen, and diversity differentially affect seed production of prairie plants. Ecology. 90:1810?1820 2009

Homyak, P. M., Allison, S. D., Huxman, T. E., Goulden, M. L., & Treseder, K. K. (2017). Effects of drought manipulation on soil nitrogen cycling: A meta-analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122 doi:10.1002/2017JG004146 2017

Hovenden, M. J., S. Leuzinger, P. C. D. Newton, A. Fletcher, S. Fatichi, A. Luscher, P. B. Reich, L. C. Andresen, C. Beier, D. M. Blumenthal, N. R. Chiariello, J. S. Dukes, J. Kellner, K. Hofmockel, P. A. Niklaus, J. Song, S. Wan, A. T. Classen, and J. A. Langley. 2019. Globally consistent influences of seasonal precipitation limit grassland biomass response to elevated CO2. Nature Plants. 5:167-173. DOI 10.1038/s41477-018-0356-x 2019

Hungate, B. A., Barbier, E. B., Ando, A. W., Marks, S. P., Reich, P. B., van Gestel, N., Tilman, D., Knops, J. M. H., Hooper, D. U., Butterfield, B. J. and Cardinale, B. J. (2017). "The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage." Science Advances 3(4): e1601880.

Isbell, F., Adler, P.R., Eisenhauer, N., Fornara, D., Kimmel, K., Kremen, C., Letourneau, D.K., Liebman, M., Polley, H.W., Quijas, S. and Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2017). "Benefits of increasing plant diversity in sustainable agroecosystems." Journal of Ecology 105(4): 871-879. 2017

Isbell, F., J. Cowles, L. E. Dee, M. Loreau, P. B. Reich, A. Gonzalez, A. Hector and B. Schmid (2018). "Quantifying effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning across times and places." Ecology Letters, early view DOI: 10.1111/ele.12928 2018

Isbell, F.; Tilman, D.; Polasky, S.; Binder, S.; Hawthorne, P.; Low biodiversity state persists two decades after cessation of nutrient enrichment; Ecology Letters (2013) 16: 454?460 DOI: 10.1111/ele.12066 2013

Isbell, Forest; Craven, Dylan; Connolly, John; Loreau, Michel; Schmid, Bernhard; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Bezemer, T.Martijn; Bonin, Catherine; Bruelheide, Helge; de Luca, Enrica; Ebeling, Anne; Griffin, John N.; Guo, Qinfeng; Hautier, Yann; Hector, Andy; Jentsch, Anke; Kreyling, J?rgen; Lanta, Vojtech; Manning, Pete; Meyer, Sebastian T.; Mori, Akira S.; Naeem, Shahid; Niklaus, Pascal A.; Polley, H.Wayne; Reich, Peter B.; Roscher, Christiane; Seabloom, Eric W.; Smith, Melinda D.; Thakur, Madhav P.; Tilman, David; Tracy, Benjamin F.; van der Putten, Wim H.; van Ruijven, Jasper; Weigelt, Alexandra; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Wilsey, Brian; Eisenhauer, Nico. Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. Nature 2015 526, 574-577 2015

Isbell, Forest; Reich, Peter B.; Tilman, David; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Polasky, Stephen; Binder, Seth. Nutrient enrichment, biodiversity loss, and consequent declines in ecosystem productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013 110 (29):11911-11916. 2013

Kazanski, C. E. (2017). Soil carbon cycling responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen addition. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2017

Kleynhans E. J.; Otto, S. P.; Reich, P. B.; Vellend, M. (2016) Adaptation to elevated CO2 in different biodiversity contexts. Nature Communications 7: 12358. 2016 [Full Text]

Kleynhans, E. J. (2018). Community context of adaptation to environmental change. (Doctor of Philosophy - PhD), University of British Columbia. 2018

Knops, J. M. H.; Naeem, S.; Reich, P .B.; "The impact of elevated CO2, increased nitrogen availability and biodiversity on plant tissue quality and decomposition. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 13:1960-1971." 2007

Langley, J. A., S. K. Chapman, K. J. La Pierre, M. Avolio, W. D. Bowman, D. S. Johnson, F. Isbell, K. R. Wilcox, B. L. Foster, M. J. Hovenden, A. K. Knapp, S. E. Koerner, C. J. Lortie, J. P. Megonigal, P. C. D. Newton, P. B. Reich, M. D. Smith, K. B. Suttle and D. Tilman (2018). "Ambient changes exceed treatment effects on plant species abundance in global change experiments." Global Change Biology 24(12): 5668-5679. 2018

Lau, J. A.; Shaw, R. G.; Reich, P. B.; Shaw, F. H.; Tiffin, P., "Strong ecological but weak evolutionary effects of elevated CO2 on a recombinant inbred population of Arabidopsis thaliana", NEW PHYTOLOGIST, p. 351, vol. 175, Published, 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02108. 2007

Lau, J. A.; Tiffin, P.; Elevated carbon dioxide concentrations indirectly affect plant fitness by altering plant tolerance to herbivory. Oecologia 161:401-410. 2009

Lau, J.; Peiffer, J.; Reich, Peter; Tiffin., P.; Transgenerational effects of global environmental change: long-term CO 2 and nitrogen treatments influence offspring growth response to elevated CO 2. 2008. Oecologia 158:141 2008

Lau, Jennifer A.; Shaw, Ruth G.; Reich, Peter B.; Tiffin, Peter; Indirect effects drive evolutionary responses to global change; New Phytologist, 201: 335?343. doi: 10.1111/nph.12490 2014

Lee, T. D.; Reich, P. B.; Tjoelker, M. G.; Legume presence increases photosynthesis and N concentrations of co-occurring non-fixers but does not modulate their responsiveness to carbon dioxide enrichment. Oecologia 137:22-31. 2003

Lee, T. D.; Tjoelker, M. G.; Ellsworth, D. S.; Reich, P. B.; Leaf gas exchange responses of 13 prairie grassland species to elevated CO2 and increased nitrogen supply. New Phytologist 150(2):405-418. 2001

Lee, T.; Barrott, S.; Reich, P.; Photosynthetic responses of 13 grassland species across 11 years of free-air CO2 enrichment is modest, consistent and independent of N supply. 2011. Global Change Biology 17:2893 2011

Lee, T.; Tjoelker, M. G.; Reich, P. B.; Russelle, M. P.; Contrasting growth responses of an N2-fixing and non-fixing forb to elevated CO2: dependence on soil N supply. Plant and Soil 255:475-486. 2003

Lefcheck, J. S., J. E. K. Byrnes, F. Isbell, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, N. Eisenhauer, M. J. S. Hensel, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, and J. E. Duffy. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across taxa, trophic levels, and habitats. Nature Communications, 2015, 6:6936 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7936 2015

Liu, S., C. Ji, C. Wang, J. Chen, Y. Jin, Z. Zou, S. Li, S. Niu and J. Zou (2018). "Climatic role of terrestrial ecosystem under elevated CO2: a bottom‐up greenhouse gases budget." Ecology Letters 21(7): 1108-1118. 10.1111/ele.13078 2018

Maire, V., Wright, I. J., Prentice, I. C., Batjes, N. H., Bhaskar, R., van Bodegom, P. M., Cornwell, W. K., Ellsworth, D., Niinemets, U., Ordonez, A., Reich, P. B. and Santiago, L. S. (2015), Global effects of soil and climate on leaf photosynthetic traits and rates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24: 706?717. doi: 10.1111/geb.12296 2015

Mitchell, C.; Reich, P. B.; Assessing environmental changes in grasslands. Science 299:1844 2003

Mitchell, C.; Reich, P. B.; Tilman, D.; Groth, J. V.; "Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen deposition, and decreased species diversity on foliar fungal plant disease. Global Change Biology 9:438-451" 2003

Mori, A. S., F. Isbell and R. Seidl (2018). "Beta-Diversity, Community Assembly, and Ecosystem Functioning." Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33(7): 549-564. 10.1016/j.tree.2018.04.012 2018

Mueller, K. E.; Hobbie, S. E.; Tilman, D. and Reich, P. B. (2013); Effects of plant diversity, N fertilization, and elevated carbon dioxide on grassland soil N cycling in a long-term experiment.; Global Change Biology, 19: 1249?1261. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12096 2013

Naeem, S.; Disentangling the impacts of functional and taxonomic diversity on ecosystem functioning in synthetic-community experiments. Ecology 83:2925-2935. 2002

Niklas, K.; Cobb, E. D.; Niinemets, U.; Reich, P. B.; Sellin, A.; Shipley, B.; Wright, I. J.; Diminishing returns in function with increasing leaf mass across and within six species-groups. Proc Nat Acad Sci 104:8891-8896. 2007

OConnor, Mary I.; Gonzalez, Andrew; Byrnes, Jarrett E. K.; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Duffy,J. Emmett; Gamfeldt, Lars; Griffin, John N.; Hooper, David; Hungate, Bruce A.; Paquette, Alain; Thompson, Patrick L.; Dee, Laura E.; Dolan, Kristin L. A general biodiversity-function relationship is mediated by trophic level. Oikos, 2017 doi/10.1111/oik.03652 2017

Onoda, Y., Wright, I.J., Evans, J.R., Hikosaka, K., Kitajima, K., Niinemets, U., Poorter, H., Tosens, T. and Westoby, M. (2017). "Physiological and structural tradeoffs underlying the leaf economics spectrum." New Phytologist 214(4): 1447-1463. 2017

Pineiro, J., R. Ochoa-Hueso, M. Delgado-Baquerizo, S. Dobrick, P. B. Reich, E. Pendall and S. A. Power (2017). "Effects of elevated CO2 on fine root biomass are reduced by aridity but enhanced by soil nitrogen: A global assessment." Scientific Reports 7(1): 15355. 2017

Reich, P. B., Hobbie, S. E., Lee, T. D., & Pastore, M. A. (2018). Response to Comment on "Unexpected reversal of C3 versus C4 grass response to elevated CO2 during a 20-year field experiment". Science, 361(6402). doi:10.1126/science.aau1300 2018

Reich, P. B., S. E. Hobbie, T. D. Lee, and M. A. Pastore. 2018. Unexpected reversal of C3 versus C4 grass response to elevated CO2 during a 20-year field experiment. Science 360:317-320. 2018

Reich, P.; Elevated CO2 reduces losses of plant diversity caused by nitrogen deposition. Science 326:1399 2009

Reich, P.; Hobbie, S. E.; Lee, T.; Ellsworth, D. S.; West, J. B.; Tilman, D.; Knops, J. M. H.; Naeem, S.; Trost, J.; Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2. NATURE 440:922-925. 2006

Reich, P.; Hungate, B.; Luo, Y.; "Carbon-Nitrogen Interactions in Terrestrial Ecosystems in Response to Rising Atmospheric CO2. Annual Review of Ecologyk Evolution, and Systematics 37:611-636." 2006

Reich, P.; Knops, J.; Tilman, D.; Craine, J.; Ellsworth, D.; Tjoelker, M.; Lee, T.; Wedin, D.; Naeem, S.; Bahauddin, D.; Hendrey, G.; Jose, S.; Wrage, K.; Goth, J.; Bengston, W.; Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition. Nature 410:809-812. 2001

Reich, P.; Tilman, D.; Craine, J.; Ellsworth, D.; Tjoelker, M. G.; Knops, J.; Wedin, D.; Naeem, S.; Bahauddin, D.; Goth, J.; Bengtson, W.; Lee, T. D.; "Do species and functional groups differ in acquisition and use of C, N and water under varying atmospheric CO2 and N availability regimes? A field test with 16 grassland species. New Phytologist 150:435-448." 2001

Reich, P.; Tilman, D.; Naeem, S.; Ellsworth, D.; Knops, J.; Craine, J.; Wedin, D.; Trost, J.; Species and functional group diversity independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to CO2 and N. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101:10101-10106 ?? 2004

Reich, P.B. and Flores-Moreno, H. (2017). "Peeking beneath the hood of the leaf economics spectrum." New Phytologist 214(4): 1395-1397. 2017

Reich, Peter B., Hobbie, Sarah E., Lee, Tali D., & Pastore, Melissa A. (2018). Response to Comment on ?Unexpected reversal of C3 versus C4 grass response to elevated CO2 during a 20-year field experiment?. Science, 361(6407), eaau8982. doi:10.1126/science.aau8982 2018

Reich, Peter B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Decade-long soil nitrogen constraint on the CO2 fertilization of plant biomass.; Nature Climate Change 2013 3:278-282 doi:10.1038/nclimate1694 2013

Reich, Peter B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Lee, Tali D.; Plant growth enhancement by elevated CO2 eliminated by joint water and nitrogen limitation; Nature Geoscience, 2014; 2014, 7, 12, 920-924 2014

Reid, J. P.; Adair, E. C.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; Biodiversity, nitrogen deposition and CO2 affect grassland soil carbon cycling but not storage. 2012. Ecosystems 15(4):580-590. 2012

Reid, Joseph Pignatello; Non-equilibrium dynamics of ecosystem processes in a changing world; 2013 ; Ph.D. dissertation; University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy Permanent URL 2013

Rutting, Tobias; Andresen, Louise C.; Nitrogen cycle responses to elevated CO2 depend on ecosystem nutrient status, Nutr.Cycling Agroecosyst. 101, 3, 285-294 DOI 10.1007/s10705-015-9683-8 2015

Schrodt, Franziska; Kattge, Jens; Shan, Hanhuai; Fazayeli, Farideh; Joswig, Julia; Banerjee, Arindam; Reichstein, Markus; B?nisch, Gerhard; D?az, Sandra; Dickie, John; Gillison, Andy; Karpatne, Anuj; Lavorel, Sandra; Leadley, Paul; Wirth, Christian B.; Wright, Ian J.; Wright, S.Joseph; Reich, Peter B. BHPMF - a hierarchical Bayesian approach to gap-filling and trait prediction for macroecology and functional biogeography. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2015, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12335 2015

Shipley, B.; De Bello, F.; Cornelissen, J. H.; Laliberte, E.; Laughlin, D. C.; Reich, P. B. Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology. Oecologia, 2016, 180, 4, 923-931, Germany 2016

Smith, M. D.; La Pierre, K. J.; Collins, S. L.; Knapp, A. K.; Gross, K. L.; Barrett, J. E.; Frey, S. D.; Gough, L.; Miller, R. J.; Morris, J. T.; Rustad, L. E.; Yarie, J. Global environmental change and the nature of aboveground net primary productivity responses: insights from long-term experiments. Oecologia, 2015, 177, 4, 935-947, Germany 2015

Strengbom, J.; Reich, P. B.; Elevated [CO2] and increased N supply reduce leaf disease and related photosynthetic impacts on Solidago rigida. OECOLOGIA 149:519-525. 2006

Symstad, A.; Chapin III, F. S.; Wall, D. H.; Gross, K. L.; Huenneke, L. F.; Mittelbach, G. G.; Peters, D. P. C.; Tilman, D.; Long-term and large-scale perspectives on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. BioScience 53:89-98 2003

Templer, Pamela H. "Biogeochemistry: Limits on carbon uptake by plants." Nature Climate Change 3.3 (2013): 184-185. 2013

Terrer, C., S. Vicca, B. D. Stocker, B. A. Hungate, R. P. Phillips, P. B. Reich, A. C. Finzi and I. C. Prentice (2018). "Ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 governed by plant?soil interactions and the cost of nitrogen acquisition." New Phytologist 217(2): 507-522. 2018

Terrer, C., Vicca, S., Hungate, B. A., Phillips, R. P. and Prentice, I. C. (2016). "Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO2 fertilization effect." Science 353(6294): 72. 2016

Terrer, C., Vicca, S., Stocker, B. D., Hungate, B. A., Phillips, R. P., Reich, P. B., Finzi, A. C. and Prentice, I. C. (2017), Ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 governed by plant-soil interactions and the cost of nitrogen acquisition. New Phytol. doi:10.1111/nph.14872 2017

Thakur, M.P., Milcu, A., Manning, P., Niklaus, P.A., Roscher, C., Power, S., Reich, P.B., Scheu, S., Tilman, D., Ai, F., Guo, H., Ji, R., Pierce, S., Ramirez, N.G., Richter, A.N., Steinauer, K., Strecker, T., Vogel, A. and Eisenhauer, N. (2015). "Plant diversity drives soil microbial biomass carbon in grasslands irrespective of global environmental change factors." Global Change Biology 21(11): 4076-4085. 2015

Tilman, D.; Reich, P. B.; Isbell, F.; Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; 2012; 109, 26, 10394-10397 2012

Tjoelker, M.; Oleksyn, J.; Lee, T. D.; Reich, P. B.; Direct inhibition of leaf dark respiration by elevated CO2 is minor in 12 grassland species. New Phytologist 150(2):419-424. 2001

Tu Q, Yuan M, He Z, Deng Y, Xue K, Wu L, Hobbie SE, Reich PB, Zhou J. 2015. Fungal communities respond to long-term CO2 elevation by communityreassembly. Appl Environ Microbiol 81:2445-2454. doi:10.1128/AEM.04040-14. 2015

Tu, Qichao, He, Zhili, Wu, Liyou, Xue, Kai, Xie, Gary, Chain, Patrick, Reich, Peter B., Hobbie, Sarah E., Zhou, Jizhong. Metagenomic reconstruction of nitrogen cycling pathways in a CO 2-enriched grassland ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 106, 99-108 2017

Tu, Qichao. Metagenomic insights into microbial community responses to long-term elevated CO2. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Oklahoma. 2014

Tu, Qichao; Zhou, Xishu; He, Zhili; Xue, Kai; Wu, Liyou; Reich, Peter; Hobbie, Sarah; Zhou, Jizhong. (2016) The Diversity and Co-occurrence Patterns of N2-Fixing Communities in a CO2-Enriched Grassland Ecosystem. Microbial Ecology 71(3):604-615. 2016

Venail, P., Gross, K., Oakley, T. H., Narwani, A., Allan, E., Flombaum, P., Isbell, F., Joshi, J., Reich, P. B., Tilman, D., van Ruijven, J., Cardinale, B. J. (2015), Species richness, but not phylogenetic diversity, influences community biomass production and temporal stability in a re-examination of 16 grassland biodiversity studies. Functional Ecology, 29: 615?626. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12432 2015

Verheijen, Lieneke M.; Aerts, Rien; Brovkin, Victor; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Cornelissen, Johannes H.C.; Kattge, Jens; van Bodegom, Peter M. Inclusion of ecologically based trait variation in plant functional types reduces the projected land carbon sink in an earth system model. Global Change Biol., 2015; 2015, 21, 8, 3074-3086 2015

Wei, X., P. B. Reich, and S. E. Hobbie. 2019. Legumes regulate grassland soil N cycling and its response to variation in species diversity and N supply but not CO2. Global Change Biology. DOI 10.1111/gcb.14636 2019

Wei, X., Reich, P. B., Hobbie, S. E., & Kazanski, C. E. (2017). Disentangling species and functional group richness effects on soil N cycling in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology, Accepted manuscript online. doi:10.1111/gcb.13757 2017

Weisenhorn, Pamela; 2014 Ecological and evolutionary perspectives on bacterial resource use. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Minnesota. Permanent URL 2014

West, J.; Hille Ris Lambers, J.; Lee, T. D.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; "Legume species identity and soil nitrogen supply determine symbiotic nitrogen-fixation responses to elevated atmospheric [CO2]. New Phytologist, 167:523-530" 2005

West, J.; Hobbie, S. E.; Reich, P. B.; "Effects of plant species diversity, atmospheric [CO2], and N addition on gross rates of inorganic N release from soil organic matter. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 12:1400-1408." 2006

Wolf, J. and L. Ziska (2018). "Comment on "Unexpected reversal of C3 versus C4 grass response to elevated CO2 during a 20-year field experiment"." Science 361(6402). 2018

Wolf, J.; Johnson, N. C.; Rowland, D. L.; Reich, P. B.; Elevated CO2 and plant species richness impact arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore communities. New Phytologist 157:579-588. 2003

Wright, A. J. (2013). The shifting importance of competition and facilitation along diversity, environmental severity, and plant ontogenetic gradients. Thesis, PhD University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee 2013

Wright, A., Schnitzer, S. A., Reich, P. B., Daily environmental conditions determine the competition?facilitation balance for plant water status. Journal of Ecology, 103: 648?656. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12397 2015

Wright, A.; Schnitzer, S.; Dickie, I. A.; Gunderson, A. R.; Pinter, G. A.; Mangan, S. A.; Reich, P. B.; Complex facilitation and competition in a temperate grassland: loss of plant diversity and elevated CO2 have divergent and opposite effects on oak establishment. 2013. Oecologia 171:449-458. DOI 10.1007/s00442-012-2420-y 2013

Wright, Alexandra; Schnitzer, Stefan A.; Reich, Peter B.; Living close to your neighbors: the importance of both competition and facilitation in plant communities; Ecology, 2014, 95, 8, 2213 - 2223 2014

Wright, I.; Reich, P. B.; Westoby, M.; GLOPNET Researchers; The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature 428:821-827. 2004

Xu, Meiying; He, Zhili; Deng, Ye; Wu, Liyou; van Nostrand, Joy D.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Reich, Peter B.; Zhou, Jizhong; Elevated CO2 influences microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling; BMC Microbiology; Volume 13:124; doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-124 2013

Yue, K., Fornara, D. A., Yang, W., Peng, Y., Peng, C., Liu, Z., & Wu, F. (2017). Influence of multiple global change drivers on terrestrial carbon storage: additive effects are common. Ecology Letters, Early View. doi:10.1111/ele.12767 2017

Yue, K., Y. Peng, D. A. Fornara, K. Van Meerbeek, L. Vesterdal, W. Yang, C. Peng, B. Tan, W. Zhou, Z. Xu, X. Ni, L. Zhang, F. Wu, and J.-C. Svenning. 2019. Responses of nitrogen concentrations and pools to multiple environmental change drivers: A meta-analysis across terrestrial ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography. DOI 10.1111/geb.12884 2019 e002

Zhou, J, Deng Y, Luo F, He Z, Yang Y. 2011. Phylogenetic molecular ecological network of soil microbial communities in response to elevated CO2. mBio 2(4):e00122-11. doi:10.1128/mBio.00122-11. 2011

Zuo, Xiaoan, & Knops, Johannes M. H. (2018). Effects of elevated CO2, increased nitrogen deposition, and plant diversity on aboveground litter and root decomposition. Ecosphere, 9(2), e02111. doi:10.1002/ecs2.2111 2018

de Graff, Marie-Anne; van Groenigen, Kees-Jan; Six, Johan; Hungate, Bruce; van Kessel, Chris. Interactions between plant growth and soil nutrient cycling under elevated CO2: a meta-analysis. Global Change Biol., 2006, 12, 11, 2077-2091 2006

van Gestel, N., Z. Shi, K. J. van Groenigen, C. W. Osenberg, L. C. Andresen, J. S. Dukes, M. J. Hovenden, Y. Luo, A. Michelsen, E. Pendall, P. B. Reich, E. A. G. Schuur and B. A. Hungate (2018). "Predicting soil carbon loss with warming." Nature 554(7693): E4-E5. 2018

van Groenigen, Kees-Jan; Six, Johan; Hungate, Bruce A.; de Graaff, Marie-Anne; van Breemen, Nico; van Kessel, Chris; Element interactions limit soil carbon storage. PNAS. 103:6571-6574 2006

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