Publications

Adair, E.C., P.B. Reich, S.E., Hobbie, J. Trost. 2011. Elevated CO2 stimulates grassland soil respiration by increasing C inputs rather than by enhancing soil moisture. (.pdf) Global Change Biology: First published online : 28 JUL 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02484.x

Adair, E.C., P.B. Reich, S.E. Hobbie, J.M.H. Knops. 2009. Interactive effects of time, CO2, N and diversity on total belowground carbon allocation and ecosystem carbon storage in a grassland community. (.pdf) Ecosystems 12:1037–1052.

Ali, A.A., B.E. Medlyn, K.Y. Crous, P.B. Reich. 2013. A trait-based ecosystem model suggests that long-term responsiveness to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration is greater in slow-growing than fast-growing plants. Functional Ecology 11/1365-2435.12102

Antoninka, A., P.B. Reich, N.C. Johnson. Seven years of carbon dioxide enrichment, nitrogen fertilization and plant diversity influence arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a grassland ecosystem. (.pdf) New Phytologist, first published online: 8 June 2011doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03776.x

Antonika, A., Wolf, J., Bowker, M., Classen, A.T., Johnson, N.C. 2009. Linking above- and belowground responses to global change at community and ecosystem scales. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 15:914-929.

Bassirirad H., J. V. H. Constable, J. Lussenhop, B. A. Kimball, R. J. Norby, W. C. Oechel, P. B. Reich, W. H. Schlesinger, S. Zitzer, H. L. Sehtiya, and S. Silim. 2003. Widespread foliage delta N-15 depletion under elevated CO2: inferences for the nitrogen cycle. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 9:1582-1590.

Cardinale, B.J., K. Gross, K. Fritschie, P. Flombaum, J. Fox, C. Rixen, J. Van Ruijven, P. Reich, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B.J. Wilsey. 2013. Biodiversity simultaneously enhances the production and stability of community biomass, but the effects are independent. Ecology http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-1334.1

Chung, H., D. Zak, P.B. Reich, D.S. Ellsworth. 2007. Plant species richness, elevated CO2, and atmospheric N deposition alter soil microbial community composition and function. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 13:980–989.

Clark, C.M., D.F.B. Flynn, B.J. Butterfield, P.B. Reich. 2012. Testing the Link between Functional Diversity and Ecosystem Functioning in a Minnesota Grassland Experiment. PLoS ONE 7(12):e52821 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052821.

Craine J. M., D. A. Wedin, F. S. Chapin, and P. B. Reich. 2002. Relationship between the structure of root systems and resource use for 11 North American grassland plants. (.pdf) Plant Ecology 165:85-100.

Craine, J.M., D.A. Wedin, and P.B. Reich. 2001. The response of soil CO2 flux to changes in atmospheric CO2, nitrogen supply and plant diversity. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 7:947-953.

Craine, J.M., D.A. Wedin, and P.B. Reich. 2001b. Grassland species effects on soil CO2 flux track the effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen. (.pdf) New Phytologist 150:425-434.

Craine, J.M., D.A. Wedin. 2002. Determinants of growing season soil CO2 flux in a Minnesota grassland. (.pdf) Biogeochemistry 59:303-313.

Craine, J.M., P.B. Reich, G.D. Tilman, D. Ellsworth, J. Fargione, J. Knops, and S. Naeem. 2003. The role of plant species in biomass production and response to elevated CO2 and N. (.pdf) Ecology Letters 6:623-630.

Craine, J.M., P.B. Reich. 2001a. Elevated CO2 and nitrogen supply alter leaf longevity of grassland species. (.pdf) New Phytologist 150:397-403.

Crous K.Y., P.B. Reich, M.D. Hunter, D.S. Ellsworth. 2010. Maintenance of leaf N controls the CO2 response of grassland species exposed to nine years of free-air CO2 enrichment. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 16:2076–2088.

Davis, M., P.B. Reich, J. Knoll, L. Dooley, M. Hundtoft, I. Attleson. 2007. Elevated Atmospheric CO2: A Nurse Plant Substitute for Oak Seedlings Establishing in Old Fields. (.pdf) Global Change Biology

Dijkstra, F.A., J.B. West, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich. 2007. Dissolved inorganic and organic N leaching from a grassland field experiment: interactive effects of plant species richness, atmospheric [CO2] and N fertilization. (.pdf) Ecology 88(2):490–500.

Dijkstra, F.A., S. Hobbie, P. Reich. 2006. Soil processes affected by sixteen grassland species grown under different environmental conditions. (.pdf) Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:770-777.

Dijkstra, F.A., S.E. Hobbie, J.M.H. Knops, P.B. Reich. 2004. Nitrogen deposition and plant species interact to influence soil carbon stabilization. (.pdf) Ecology Letters 7:1192-1198.

Dijkstra, F.A., S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich, J.M.H. Knops. 2005. Divergent effects of elevated CO2, N fertilizattion, and plant diversity on soil C and N dynamics in a grassland field experiment. (.pdf) Plant and Soil 272:41-52.

Eisenhauer, N., T. Dobies, S. Cesarz, S.E. Hobbie, R.J. Meyer, K. Worm, P.B. Reich. 2013. Plant diversity effects on soil food webs are stronger than those of elevated CO2 and N deposition in a long-term grassland experiment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110:6889-6895.

Ellsworth, D.S., P.B. Reich, E.S. Naumburg, G.W. Koch, M.E. Kubiske, S.D. Smith. 2004. Photosynthesis, carboxylation and leaf nitrogen responses of 16 species to elevated pCO(2) across four free-air CO2 enrichment experiments in forest, grassland and desert. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 10:2121-2138.

He, Z., M. Xu, Y. Deng, S. Kang, L. Kellogg, L. Wu, J. D. Van Nostrand, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich, J. Zhou 2010. Metagenomic analysis reveals a marked divergence in the structure of belowground microbial communities at elevated CO2. (.pdf) Ecology Letters 13: 564–575.

HilleRisLambers, J., W.S. Harpole, S.A. Schnitzer, D. Tilman, P.B. Reich. 2009. CO2, nitrogen, and diversity differentially affect seed production of prairie plants. (.pdf) Ecology 90(7):1810-1820.

Knops, J.H.M., S. Naeem, P.B. Reich. 2007. The impact of elevated CO2, increased nitrogen availability and biodiversity on plant tissue quality and decomposition. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 13:1960-1971.

Lambers, J.H.R., W.S. Harpole, D. Tilman, J. Knops, P.B. Reich. 2004. Mechanisms responsible for the positive diversity-productivity relationship in Minnesota grasslands. (.pdf) Ecology Letters 7:661-668.

Lau, J.A., J. Strengbom, L.R. Stone, P.B. Reich, P. Tiffin. 2008. Direct and indirect effects of CO2, nitrogen, and community diversity on plant–enemy interactions. (.pdf) Ecology 89:226–236.

Lau, J.A., R.G. Shaw, P.B. Reich, P. Tiffin. 2007. Elevated atmospheric CO2 has little effect on the evolution of ecologically important traits in Arabidopsis thaliana. (.pdf) New Phytologist .

Lau, J. A., Tiffin, P. 2009. Elevated carbon dioxide concentrations indirectly affect plant fitness by altering plant tolerance to herbivory. (.pdf) Oecologia 161:401-410.

Lee, T.D., S.H. Barrott, P.B. Reich. 2011. Photosynthetic responses of 13 grassland species across 11 years of free-air CO2 enrichment is modest, consistent and independent of N supply. Global Change Biology 17:2893-2904, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02435.x. Article first published online: 2 June 2011.

Lee, T.D., M.G. Tjoelker, D.S. Ellsworth, and P.B. Reich. 2001. Leaf gas exchange responses of 13 prairie grassland species to elevated CO2 and increased nitrogen supply. (.pdf) New Phytologist 150:405-418.

Lee, T.D., M.G. Tjoelker, P.B. Reich, and M.P. Russelle. 2003. Contrasting growth response of an N-2-fixing and non-fixing forb to elevated CO2: dependence on soil N supply. (.pdf) Plant and Soil 255:475-486.

Lee, T.D., P.B. Reich, and M.G. Tjoelker. 2003. Legume presence increases photosynthesis and N concentrations of co-occurring non-fixers but does not modulate their responsiveness to carbon dioxide enrichment. (.pdf) Oecologia 137:22-31.

Mitchell, C., Reich, P.B. 2003. Assessing environmental changes in grasslands. (.pdf) Science 299:1844.

Mitchell, C.E., P. B. Reich, D. Tilman, and J.V. Groth. 2003. Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen deposition, and decreased species diversity on foliar fungal plant disease. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 9:438-451.

Mueller, K.E., S.E. Hobbie, D. Tilman, P.B. Reich. 2013. Effects of plant diversity, N fertilization, and elevated carbon dioxide on grassland soil N cycling in a long-term experiment. Global Change Biology 19:1249-1261.

Naeem, S. 2002. Disentangling the impacts of functional and taxonomic diversity on ecosystem functioning in synthetic-community experiments. (.pdf) Ecology 83:2925-2935.

Novotny, A.M., J.D. Schade, S.E. Hobbie, A.D. Kay, M. Kyle, P.B. Reich, J.J. Elser. 2006. Stoichiometric response of nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing dicots to manipulations of CO2, nitrogen, and diversity. (.pdf) Oecologia

Norris, M.D & P.B. Reich. 2009. Modest enhancement of nitrogen conservation via retranslocation in response to gradients in N supply and leaf N status. (.pdf) Plant and Soil 316:193-204.

Peterson, A.G., J.T. Ball, Y. Q. Luo, C.B. Field, P.B. Reich, P.S. Curtis, K.L. Griffin, C.A. Gunderson, R J. Norby, D.T. Tissue, M. Forstreuter, A. Rey, C.S. Vogel, and CMEAL Participants. 1999. The photosynthesis leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: a meta-analysis. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 5:331-346.

Potvin, C., F.S. Chapin, A. Gonzalez, P. Leadley, P. Reich, J. Roy. 2007. Plant biodiversity and responses to elevated carbon dioxide. In: Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. pp. 125-134, Canadell J.G., Pataki D., Pitelka L. (eds.) The IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 336 pp.

Reich, P.B. 2002. Root-Shoot Relationships: Optimality in Acclimation and Allocation or the “Emperor’s New Clothes”? (.pdf) In: Plant Roots: the Hidden Half, Chapter 12, pp 205-220 (eds. Y. Waisel, A. Eshel, U. Kafkafi), Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York.

Reich, P.B. 2009. Elevated CO2 reduces losses of plant diversity caused by nitrogen deposition. Science 326:1399-1402. abstract full text

Reich, P.B., Hobbie, S.E. 2012. Decade-long soil nitrogen constraint on the CO2 fertilization of plant biomass. Nature Climate Change DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1694

Reich, P.B., S.E. Hobbie, T.D. Lee. 2014. Plant growth enhancement by elevated CO2 eliminated by joint water and nitrogen limitation. Nature Geoscience 7: 920–924, doi:10.1038/ngeo2284

Reich P. B., C. Buschena, M. G. Tjoelker, K. Wrage, J. Knops, D. Tilman, and J. L. Machado. 2003. Variation in growth rate and ecophysiology among 34 grassland and savanna species under contrasting N supply: a test of functional group differences.(.pdf) New Phytologist 157:617-631.

Reich, P.B., B.A. Hungate, Y. Luo. 2006. Carbon-Nitrogen Interactions in Terrestrial Ecosystems in Response to Rising Atmospheric CO2. (.pdf) Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37: 611-636.

Reich, P.B., D. Tilman, J. Craine, D. Ellsworth, M.G. Tjoelker, J. Knops, D. Wedin, S. Naeem, D. Bahauddin, J. Goth, W. Bengtson, and T.D. Lee. 2001. Do species and functional groups differ in acquisition and use of C, N and water under varying atmospheric CO2 and N availability regimes? A field test with 16 grassland species. (.pdf) New Phytologist 150:435-448.

Reich, P.B., D. Tilman, S. Naeem, D. S. Ellsworth, J. Knops, J. Craine, D. Wedin, J. Trost. 2004. Species and functional group diversity independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to CO2 and N. (.pdf) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101:10101-10106.

Reich, P.B., J. Knops, D. Tilman, J. Craine, D. Ellsworth, M. Tjoelker, T. Lee, D. Wedin, S. Naeem, D. Bahauddin, G. Hendrey, S. Jose, K. Wrage, J. Goth, W. Bengston. 2001. Plant diversity enhances ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition. (.pdf) Nature 410:809-812.

Reich, P.B., M.G. Tjoelker, J.L. Machado, J. Oleksyn. 2006. Universal scaling of respiratory metabolism, size and nitrogen in plants. (.pdf) Nature

Reich, P.B., S.E. Hobbie, T. Lee, D.S. Ellsworth, J.B. West, D. Tilman, J. Knops, S. Naeem, J. Trost. 2006. Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2. (.pdf) Nature 440:922-925.

Schnitzer, S.A., R.A. Londré, J. Klironomos, P.B. Reich. 2008. Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric CO2: Comment. (.pdf) Ecology 89(2):581-585.

Strengbom, J., P.B. Reich. 2006. Elevated [CO2] and increased N supply reduce leaf disease and related photosynthetic impacts on Solidago rigida. (.pdf) Oecologia 149:519-525.

Tjoelker, M.G., J. Oleksyn, T.D. Lee, and P.B. Reich. 2001. Direct inhibition of leaf dark respiration by elevated CO2 is minor in 12 grassland species. (.pdf) New Phytologist 150:419-424.

Tjoelker, M.G., J.M. Craine, D. Wedin, P.B. Reich, D. Tilman. 2005. Linking leaf and root trait syndromes among 39 grassland and savannah species. (.pdf) New Phytologist 16:493-508.

Tu, Q., M. Yuan, Z. He, Y. Deng, K. Xue, L. Wu, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich, J. Zhoua. 2015. Fungal Communities Respond to Long-Term CO2 Elevation by Community Reassembly. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81:2445-2454.

West, J.B., J. HilleRisLambers, T.D. Lee, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich. 2005. Legume species identity and soil nitrogen supply determine symbiotic nitrogen-fixation responses to elevated atmospheric [CO2]. (.pdf) New Phytologist 167:523-530.

West, J.B., S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich. 2006. Effects of plant species diversity, atmospheric [CO2], and N addition on gross rates of inorganic N release from soil organic matter. (.pdf) Global Change Biology 12:1400-1408.

Wolf, J., N.C. Johnson, D. L. Rowland, and P. B. Reich. 2003. Elevated CO2 and plant species richness impact arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore communities. (.pdf) New Phytologist 157:579-588.

Wright, A., S. Schnitzer, I.A. Dickie, A.R. Gunderson, G.A. Pinter, S.A. Mangan, P.B. Reich. 2013. Complex facilitation and competition in a temperate grassland: loss of plant diversity and elevated CO2 have divergent and opposite effects on oak establishment. Oecologia 171:449-458. DOI 10.1007/s00442-012-2420-y

Wright, J.P., S. Naeem, A. Hector, C. Lehman, P.B. Reich, B. Schmid, D. Tilman. 2006. Conventional functional classification schemes underestimate the relationship with ecosystem functioning. (.pdf) Ecology Letters 9:111-120.

Xu, M., Z. He, Y. Deng, L. Wu, J. D van Nostrand, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich, J. Zhou. 2013. Elevated CO2 influences microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling. BMC Microbiology 13:124

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